Uncertainty in the Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards in Pakistan


  1. Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, 1958.
  2. Recognition and Enforcement (Arbitration Agreements and Foreign Arbitral Awards) Ordinance, 2005.
  3. Recognition and Enforcement (Arbitration Agreements and Foreign Arbitral Awards) Act, 2011.
  4. Hitachi Ltd. v. Rupali Polyester (1998 SCMR 18).
  5. Justice Umar Ata Bandil, “Limitations On Arbitrability of International Commercial Disputes under Pakistani Law”.
  6. Société Générale de Surveillance v. Government of Pakistan (July 2002).
  7. HUBCO Power Company v. WAPDA (PLD 2000 SC 841).
  8. Toby T. Landau. “International Arbitration and Pakistan’s State Responsibility: Redefining the Role of the Court”.
  9. Taisei Corporation v. A.M. Construction Company (Private) Limited (PLD 2012 Lahore 455).
  10. Hassan Raza, “Pakistan’s Dilemma with Foreign Arbitrations”.
  11. Rossmere International Limited v. Sea Lion International Shipping Inc. (PLD 2017 Balochistan 29).
  12. Louis Dreyfus Commodities v. Acro Textile Mills (PLD 2018 Lahore 597).
  13. Dhanya Agro-Industrial v. Quetta Textile Mills (2019 CLD 160).
  14. Hassan Raza, “International Arbitration: Is Pakistan Finding New Avenues?”


Anam Asad Khan

The author is an Advocate of the High Court and holds an LL.M. in Commercial & Corporate Law from Queen Mary, University of London. She is currently working as a commercial lawyer in Dubai, UAE.

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